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Thao Cam Vien, Ho Chi Minh City

Vietnam
Nguyen Binh Khiem Street 2B
Ho Chi Minh City




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Présentation, Thao Cam Vien

Since the Middle Ages, kings in China, Mexico (the Aztecs) and Egypt had collections of unusual animals. Until the nineteenth century, royal and nobles families around the world sought and kept peculiar animals.

Données, Thao Cam Vien

Historically zoological gardens were first established in the late 18th century and early 19th century; the first zoological gardens in Europe were founded in Vienna in 1792, followed by Paris in 1793 and London in 1828. Other zoological gardens in European and Northern American countries were those in Dublin (Ireland - 1830), Bristol (UK- 1835), Manchester (UK -1836), Amsterdam (Holland - 1838), Antwerp (Belgium - 1843) and Berlin (Germany - 1884). In their initial stages, zoological gardens were not open to visitors but were reserved for members of naturalists' associations that took interest in studying novel animals. As a matter of course, peculiar animals also attracted the public and as a result the public interest was generated in zoological gardens. Eventually zoological gardens were opened to the general public. At the beginning of the 20th century, when people had more leisure time and more convenient means of transport, more zoological gardens were established to cater for the entertainment of the general public. In Vietnam, two years after King Tu Duc conceded the provinces of Gia Dinh (Saigon), Bien Hoa and My Tho to France in 1864, the French prepared to build the zoological-botanical garden in Saigon. A 12 hectare site situated a few hundred of meters from the heart of Saigon city to the North East of L'Avanche canal (nowadays called the Thi Nghe Canal) was chosen as the location for the zoological - botanical garden. Mr. Louis Adolph Germain, a military veterinarian of the French Expedition army, was appointed to develop that area. He was responsible for planning the first roads, cages, nurseries for the zoo and issuing the notice to appeal to the public to send their pets to the botanical park. On 28th March 1865 Mr. Louis Pierre (1833-1905), a French biologist working at Calcutta Botanical Garden, came to Saigon to undertake management of the botanical garden. Under his control, the botanical garden was developed dramatically. He resigned from this position to return to France in 1877. In 1924, the Botanical Garden was expanded to encompass a further 12 hectares on the other bank of the Thi Nghe Canal. In 1927, a concrete bridge was constructed across the canal, connecting the two sections of the Botanical Garden. In 1927 it was remarked that "the establishment of the Botanical Garden is an exclusively decorating gift to Saigon city that distinguished it as one of the nicest cities in the Far East." There are two architectural masterpieces in the Botanical Garden: Annam People's Memorial Temple which commemorates the Vietnamese who were killed for the French cause in World War I, and the Museum. The Saigonese loved "their garden" and travelers, whilst their ships were docked at Saigon harbor, spent time visiting the garden. The botanical garden is not merely a local institution, but for a long time it was renown in many parts of the world. It has official connections with the major international botanical gardens.

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